The action in which a substantial part of the 2nd Connaught Rangers was lost, while carrying out rearguard duty.
Date: 26th August 1914.
Place: In the North of France
War: The First World War also known as ‘The Great War’.
Colour Party of the Connaught Rangers: print by Richard Simpkin
Contestants: 2nd Division of I Corps of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF): comprising 4th (Guards) Brigade and 5th and 6th Brigades, with supporting units of artillery (XLI RFA Brigade) and cavalry and 3rd and 5th Cavalry Brigades, against the German III Corps of General von Kluck’s First Army, comprising 5th and 6th Divisions and the German Guard Cavalry Corps.
Generals: Field Marshall Sir John French commanded the BEF. Lieutenant-General Sir Douglas Haig commanded I Corps. Major-General Monro commanded 2nd Division. Brigadier-General Haking commanded 5thBrigade, of which 2nd Connaught Rangers was part.
Size of the Armies:
See this section in the ‘Battle of Mons’.
Winner: 2nd Connaught Rangers was overtaken by the pursuing German Army and lost a significant number of men, including the commanding officer, captured.
Uniforms and equipment:
See this section in the ‘Battle of Mons’.
See this section in the ‘Battle of Mons’.
Following the fighting along and behind the Mons Canal on 23rd and 24th August 1914, the BEF retreated south before the oncoming German First Army; II Corps and the Cavalry Division taking the route to the west of the Forest of Mormal, a dense area of woodland, 10 miles from north to south and 6 miles across; I Corps marching down the route of the Sambre River to the east of the forest.
On the night of 25th August, units of I Corps halted at the villages of Noyelles (5th Brigade and XXXVI Brigade RFA), Maroilles and Pont sur Sambre (6th Brigade and XXXIV Brigade RFA), and Landrecies (4th (Guards) Brigade, XLI Field and XLIV Howitzer Brigades). A troop of 15th Hussars, the divisional cavalry of 2nd Division, occupied the bridge at Maroilles.
During the night of 25th August 1914, the 4th (Guards) Brigade in Landrecies was subjected to extensive attacks by German formations advancing around the southern end of the Forest of Mormal.
6th Brigade fought the Germans for possession of the bridge at Maroilles.
Further to the north east, the 5th Brigade of 2nd Division was given the role of rearguard to the I Corps.
In the early hours of 26th August 1914, the 6th Brigade marched south from Pont sur Sambre, and the 5th Brigade took over the river defences around that town, in turn marching south to Maroilles at around 5.30am. 2nd Connaught Rangers, under Lieutenant-Colonel Abercrombie, and XXXIV Brigade RFA acted as brigade rearguard.
The 5th Brigade encountered considerable difficulty in marching south, as there were substantial numbers of French troops moving across the British line of march.
2nd Connaught Rangers set off from Taisnières, a village to the north of the main road running east to west, from Avesne to Maroilles, and reached the main road at a cross roads to the west of Marbaix, in the mid-afternoon of 26th August. Here the pressure of French troops marching on the road caused the battalion to become split; A Company, under Captain Hamilton, managed to follow the rest of the 5th Brigade to the south; B Company was with the Divisional Train providing an escort. Lieutenant-Colonel Abercrombie, with A and C Companies and Battalion Headquarters, remained at the cross-roads west of Marbaix, forming a defensive position with French troops. Firing could be heard from the direction of Avesnes in the east, and Abercrombie made a move in that direction, before moving south again towards Le Grand Fayt, where his detachment formed a defensive position above the village and came under fire.
During the afternoon, Abercrombie pulled back towards Le Grand Fayt, where he expected to find the 5th Brigade HQ.
Captain Leader brought up the rear of the battalion, with a machine gun section and a platoon from D Company. Leader’s small detachment came under attack by a German infantry battalion, was enveloped and overwhelmed, leaving Leader dead and 2 other officers wounded and captured with the rest of the detachment.
Abercrombie was informed by a French civilian that there were no Germans in Le Grand Fayt. In fact, troops of the German Guard Cavalry Corps were in the process of occupying the village. The Connaught Rangers entered Le Grand Fayt and were immediately enveloped in heavy fighting; both sides apparently take by surprise by the presence of the other. The Connaught Rangers became further split. Major Sarsfield and Lieutenant de Stacpoole got through Le Grand Fayt and managed to join up with the rest of the battalion to the south.
Abercrombie, with the rest of the group, got through the village and took up a defensive position on the far side, but the presence of numbers of German troops forced Abercrombie to take his men to the north west instead of south.
They reached Maroilles and, with the troops in a state of exhaustion, spent the night in 2 houses, being used as British and French military hospitals, Abercrombie and 30 men in one and Captain Roche, Lieutenant Hardy and 19 men in the other.
Almost immediately, the Germans occupied the town and Abercrombie’s party was found and captured. Roche’s men remained concealed, until 7pm on 27th August when they were found and captured.
Various solders from C and D Companies managed to evade the Germans, and formed up south of Ētreux during 27th August. This remnant was joined by Major Sarsfield who took command, with A and B Companies.
2nd Connaught Rangers lost 5 officers and 284 soldiers, killed or captured, in the course of the fighting in and around Le Grand Fayt.
The remnant of 2nd Connaught Rangers that had got away continued the retreat to the South with the rest of I Corps. Those captured were, in due course, transferred to camps in Germany.
Decorations and campaign medals:
Captain Jocelyn Hardy received the DSO and MC for his escape attempts and final escape from Germany in 1918.
Lieutenant Jocelyn Hardy: see the entry at the end of the page.
5 Connaught Rangers were later captured by the German Army in the village of Iron, and shot at Guise on 21st February 1915. See the entry in ‘Anecdotes’ under the Battle of Étreux
One of the Connaught Rangers captured at Maroilles was Lieutenant Jocelyn Hardy. Hardy spent the period from August 1914 to March 1918, in a series of escape attempts from German Prisoner of War Camps. The Connaught Rangers History says that Hardy made 9 escape attempts. In 1927 Hardy recorded his escape experiences in his book ‘I Escape’. While the book does not appear to describe all Hardy’s escaping activities, it records 5 escapes, the final one successful.
Captain Jocelyn Hardy DSO, MC and Bar
Hardy was incarcerated in these camps:
Captain Jocelyn Hardy, on the right, with the
Russian officer, Wasilief, with whom he escaped from Augustabad in 1915
Following the final successful escape, Hardy and his fellow escaper, Captain Loder-Symonds, were received by King George V. Hardy received the DSO and the MC for his escape activities.
Hardy returned to the Western Front, where he served with 2nd Inniskilling Fusiliers. Hardy received a bar to his MC and was severely wounded, losing his left leg.
Hardy learned to use a prosthetic leg, so effectively that he became known as ‘Hoppy’ Hardy.
After the war, during the period of the Irish Civil War, 1920 to 1922, Hardy served in Dublin as an intelligence officer. Hardy acquired a reputation for ruthless interrogation of IRA suspects, allegedly using violence and simulated executions.
The IRA made 2 attempts to assassinate Hardy. The first was during a trip Hardy made to London. Hardy managed to evade the assassin at King’s Cross, and again, on his return, at Dun Laoghaire. Hardy escaped by boarding a waiting armoured car.
The second attempt was during the IRA operation on ‘Bloody Sunday’, 21st November 1920, when 13 British operatives, several serving army officers, were murdered in their hotels and digs. Again Hardy evaded the IRA.
On the evening of 21st November 1920, after the IRA assassinations, 3 senior IRA men died in British custody. Hardy was present when they died. It was claimed by the British Army, that the 3 IRA men died while trying to escape. It was widely believed that the 3 IRA men were murdered as a reprisal for the Blood Sunday assassinations.
Once the Irish Civil War ended, Hardy left the British Army and joined Lloyds Bank in London.
Hardy wrote ‘I Escape’ in 1927, the account of his escapes during the Great War. In 1933, Hardy co-wrote a play about the war in Ireland, with Robert Gore-Brown, entitled ‘The Key’. ‘The Key’ was made into a film in the USA in 1934 (it was re-made in 1960 with the title ‘High Peril’).
Hardy wrote a novel entitled ‘Everything is Thunder’, based on his escape experiences in the Great War. ‘Everything is Thunder’ was made into a British film in 1936.
Hardy wrote several other novels: ‘Never in Vain’ in 1936, ‘Recoil’ in 1936, ‘The Stroke of Eight’ in 1938 and ‘Pawn in the Game’ in 1939.
Hardy became a wealthy man. He bought a farm in Norfolk, Washpit Farm.
In 1937, Hardy made a voyage to Japan, with his wife and two children, on the SS Rawalpindi. The suggestion is that this trip was made at the instigation of British Intelligence, to obtain information on the Japanese Naval Bases at Yokohama and Kobe.
During the Second World War, Hardy commanded a local unit of the ‘Auxiliaries’, the secret organisation established by Churchill as an underground resistance to German occupation.
In spite of his prosthetic leg, Hardy was a keen polo player.
Hardy died in London in 1958.