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British Expeditionary Force (BEF)

Order of Battle in France and Belgium, August to September 1914:

Commander-in-Chief:  Field Marshal Sir John French GCB, GCVO, KCMG.
Chief of the General Staff:  Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Murray KCB, CVO, DSO.
Adjutant-General:  Major-General Sir Charles Macready KCB.
Quartermaster-General:  Major-General Sir William Robertson KCVO, CB, DSO.

The Cavalry Division:
GOC: Major-General Allenby CB

senior British officers Photograph taken during the visit by senior British officers to the French training camp at Mailly, in July 1914, showing from the left General Allenby, General Grierson and General Haig with an unidentified French General, presumably the commandant of the French camp: Photograph from the private album of Captain (Later General Sir Douglas) Baird, ADC to General Haig (standing behind General Haig).

1st Cavalry Brigade:
GOC: Brigadier-General C.J. Briggs CB
2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)
5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales’s) Dragoon Guards
11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars
1st Signal Troop

5th Dragoon Guards
5th Dragoon Guards passing in review before King George V in June 1914.

2nd Cavalry Brigade:
GOC: Brigadier-General H. deB. De Lisle CB, DSO
4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards
9th (Queen’s Royal) Lancers
18th (Queen Mary’s Own) Hussars
2nd Signal Troop

3rd Cavalry Brigade:
GOC: Brigadier-General Hubert de la P. Gough CB.
4th (Queen’s Own) Hussars
5th (Royal Irish) Lancers
16th (The Queen’s) Lancers
3rd Signal Troop

4th Cavalry Brigade:
GOC: Brigadier-General Hon C. E. Bingham CVO CB.
Composite Household Cavalry Regiment
6th Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers)
3rd (King’s Own) Hussars
4th Signal Troop.

Cavalry Divisional Troops:
III Brigade Royal Horse Artillery: D and E Batteries.
VII Brigade Royal Horse Artillery: I and L (replaced by H in September 1914 following Néry) Batteries.

5th Cavalry Brigade:
GOC: Brigadier-General Sir P.W. Chetwode Bart. DSO.
2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys)
12th (Prince of Wales’s Royal) Lancers
20th Hussars
J Battery RHA.
5th Signal Troop

I Corps
GOC:  Lieutenant-General Sir Douglas Haig KCB, KCIE, KCVO, ADC.

Lieutenant General Sir Douglas Haig
Lieutenant General Sir Douglas Haig as General Officer
Commanding in Chief, Aldershot Command in 1914

1st Division
GOC:  Major-General S.H. Lomax

1st (Guards) Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General F.I. Maxse CVO, CB, DSO
1st Coldstream Guards
1st Scots Guards
1st Black Watch
2nd Royal Muster Fusiliers

2nd Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General E.S. Bulfin CVO, CB
2nd Royal Sussex
1st Loyal North Lancashire
1st Northamptonshire
2nd King’s Royal Rifle Corps

1st Northamptionshire Regiment
1st Northamptionshire Regiment passing in review before King George V in June 1914

3rd Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General H.J.S. Landon CB
1st Queen’s
1st South Wales Borderers
1st Gloucesters
2nd Welch

Divisional Troops:
C Squadron 15th Hussars
1st Cyclist Company

XXV Brigade RFA: 113th, 114th and 115th Batteries
XXVI Brigade RFA: 116th, 117th and 118th Batteries
XXXIX Brigade RFA: 46th, 51st and 54th Batteries
XLIII (Howitzer) Brigade RFA: 30th, 40th and 57th (Howitzer) Batteries
26th Heavy Battery RGA
23rd and 26th Field Companies RE
1st Signal Company
1st Divisional Train

1st, 2nd and 34d Field Ambulances

2nd Division:
GOC:  Major-General Monro CB

4th (Guards) Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General R. Scott-Kerr CB, MVO, DSO
2nd Grenadier Guards
2nd Coldstream Guards
3rd Coldstream Guards
1st Irish Guards

5th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General R.C.B Haking CB
2nd Worcesters
2nd Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
2nd Highland Light Infantry
2nd Connaught Rangers

2nd Worcestershire Regiment
2nd Worcestershire Regiment marching past King George V and the Queen and Sir Douglas and Lady Haig after Church Parade in Aldershot in June 1914

6th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General R.H. Davies CB (New Zealand Staff Corps)
1st King’s Liverpools
2nd South Staffordshire
1st Royal Berkshire
1st King’s Royal Rifle Corps

Divisional Troops:
B Squadron 15th Hussars
2nd Cyclist Company

XXXIV Brigade RFA: 22nd, 50th and 70th Batteries
XXXVI Brigade RFA:  15th, 48th and 71st Batteries
XLI Brigade RFA: 9th, 16th and 17th Batteries
XLIV (Howitzer) Brigade RFA: 47th, 56th and 60th (Howitzer) Batteries

5th and 11th Field Companies RE

2nd Signal Company

ASC:  2nd Divisional Train

4th, 5th and 6th Field Ambulances

II Corps
GOC:  Lieutenant-General Sir John Grierson KCB, CVO, CMG, ADC (died on 17th August 1914).  General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien GCB, DSO (took over II Corps at Bavai on 21st August 1914).

3rd Division
GOC:  Major-General Hubert Hamilton CVO, CB, DSO

7th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General McCracken CB, DSO
3rd Worcesters
2nd South Lancashire
1st Wiltshire
2nd Royal Irish Rifles

2nd Royal Scots
2nd Royal Scots march past General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien at Porstmouth in 1913

8th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Doran CB
2nd Royal Scots
2nd Royal Irish
4th Middlesex
1st Gordon Highlanders (replaced by 1st Devons in September 1914)

9th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Shaw CB
1st Northumberland Fusiliers
4th Royal Fusiliers
1st Lincolns
1st Royal Scots Fusiliers

Divisional Troops
A Squadron 15th Hussars
3rd Cyclist Company

XXIII Brigade RFA: 107th, 108th and 109th Batteries
XL Brigade RFA:  6th, 23rd and 49th Batteries
XLII Brigade RFA:  29th, 41st and 45th Batteries
XXX (Howitzer) Brigade RFA: 128th, 129th and 130th (Howitzer) Batteries
48th Heavy Battery RGA

56th and 57th Field Companies RE
3rd Signal Company
ASC 3rd Divisional Train
RAMC:  7th, 8th and 9th Field Ambulances

5th Division:
GOC:  Major-General Sir Charles Ferguson Bart, CB, MVO, DSO

13th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Cuthbert CB
2nd King’s Own Scottish Borderers
2nd Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding)
1st Queen’s Own Royal West Kent
2nd King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

14th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Rolt CB
2nd Suffolk
1st East Surreys
1st Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry
2nd Manchesters

15th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Count Gleichen KCVO, CB, CMG, DSO, Eq
1st Royal Norfolks
1st Bedfords
1st Cheshires
1st Dorsets

Divisional Troops:
A Squadron 19th Hussars
5th Cyclist Company

XV Brigade RFA:  11th, 52nd and 80th Batteries
XXVII Brigade RFA:  119th, 120th and 121st Batteries
XXVIII Brigade RFA:  122nd, 123rd and 124th Batteries
VIII (Howitzer) Brigade RFA:  37th, 61st and 65th Howitzer Batteries
108th Heavy Battery RGA

Engineers:  17th and 59th Field Companies RE
5th Signal Company
ASC: 5th Divisional Train
RAMC:  13th, 14th and 15th Field Ambulances

III Corps
GOC:  Major-General WP Pulteney CB, DSO

4th Division
GOC:  Major-General T. D’O. Snow CB

10th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Haldane CB, DSO
1st Royal Warwickshires
2nd Seaforth Highlanders
1st Royal Irish Fusiliers
2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers

11th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Hunter-Weston CB, DSO
1st Somerset Light Infantry
1st East Lancashires
1st Hampshires
1st Rifle Brigade

12th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Wilson CB
1st King’s Own Royal Regiment
2nd Lancashire Fusiliers
2nd Royal Iniskilling Fusiliers
2nd Essex Regiment

Divisional Troops
B Squadron 19th Hussars
4th Cyclist Company

XIV Brigade RFA:  39th, 68th and 88th Batteries
XXIX Brigade RFA:  125th, 126th and 127th Batteries
XXXII Brigade RFA:  27th, 134th and 135th Batteries
XXXVII (Howitzer) Brigade RFA:  31st, 35th and 55th (Howitzer) Batteries
31st Heavy Battery RGA

Engineers:  7th and 9th Field Company RE
4th Signal Company
ASC 4th Divisional Train
RAMC: 10th, 11th and 12th Field Ambulances

6th Division (embarked at St. Nazaire on 8th September 1914):
GOC:  Major-General JL Keir CB.

16th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General Ingouville-Williams CB, DSO
1st Buffs
1st Leicesters
1st King’s Shropshire Light Infantry
2nd York and Lancaster

17th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General WRB Doran CB, DSO
1st Royal Fusiliers
1st North Staffordshires
2nd Leinster Regiment
3rd Rifle Brigade

18th Infantry Brigade
GOC Brigadier-General WN Congreve VC, CB, MVO.
1st West Yorks
1st East Yorks
2nd Sherwood Foresters
2nd Durham Light Infantry

Divisional Troops
C Squadron 19th Hussars
6th Cyclist Company

II Brigade RFA: 21st, 42nd and 53rd Batteries
XXIV Brigade RFA:  110th, 111th and 112th Batteries
XXXVIII Brigade RFA:  24th, 34th and 72nd Batteries
XII (Howitzer) Brigade RFA:  43rd, 86th and 87th (Howitzer) Batteries
24th Heavy Battery RGA

Engineers:  12th and 38th Field Companies RE#
6th Signal Company
ASC:  6th Divisional Train
RAMC:  16th, 17th and 18th Field Ambulances

19th Independent Infantry Brigade
GOC Major-General LG Drummond CB, MVO
2nd Royal Welch Fusiliers
1st Scottish Rifles/Cameronians
1st Middlesex
2nd Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

The Royal Flying Corps hangers
The Royal Flying Corps hangers seen from the air in 1914

Royal Flying Corps:
Commander:  Brigadier-General Sir D. Henderson KCB, DSO
2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Aeroplane Squadrons
1st Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders

1st Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders
1st Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders passing in review before King George V in June 1914

Army Troops:
1st Devons
North Irish Horse
South Irish Horse

1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Siege Batteries RGA
Signal HQs
F to P Cable Sections
Q Wireless Section
1st and 2nd Bridging Trains

The next site in First World War is the ‘Battle of Mons

Abbreviations (on this page and in the maps):

ADC = Aide de Camp (to the King)
A&SH = Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

Bart = Baronet
Beds= Bedfords
Berks = Berkshires
BW = Black Watch

Cam = Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
CB = Commander of the Bath
CG = Coldstream Guards
Chesh = Cheshires
CMG = Companion of St Michael and St George

D = Dragoons
DG = Dragoon Guards
DSO = Distinuished Service Order
Duke’s = Duke of Wellington’s

GCMG = Grand Commander of the Order of St Micheal and St George
GCVO = Grand Commander of the Victoria Order
GG = Grenadier Guards
GOC = General Officer Commanding

H= Hussars
IG= Irish Guards

KCB = Knight Commander of the Bath
KCIE = Knight Commander of the Indian Empire
KOSB = King’s Own Scottish Borderers
KOYLI = King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
KRRC = King’s Royal Rifle Corps

L = Lancers
Lancs = Lancashires

Mddx = Middlesex
MVO = Member of the Victorian Order

Nor  = Royal Norfolks

RAMC = Royal Army Medical Corps
RE = Royal Engineers
RF = Royal Fusiliers
RFA= Royal Field Artillery
RGA = Royal Garrison Artillery
RHA = Royal Horse Artillery
RI Regt = Royal Irish Regiment
RIR = Royal Irish Rifles
RMF = Royal Munster Fusiliers
RSF = Royal Scots Fusiliers
RWF = Royal Welch Fusiliers

SG = Scots Guards
Staffs = Staffords

VC = Victoria Cross
Wilts =Wiltshires
Worcs = Worcesters

Yorks = Yorkshires

Royal Flying Corp
King George V inspects the depot squadron of the Royal Flying Corpt in June 1914