The following operations of the North-West Frontier of India are described and illustrated under this title:
Black Mountain Expedition of 1888: The Black Mountain Expedition of October to November 1888, also known as the ‘Hazara Field Force 1888’; one of the first major campaigns on the North-West Frontier of India in the last two decades of the 19th Century.
Black Mountain Expedition of 1891: Black Mountain Expedition 1891, from 1st March to 29th May 1891; the follow-up to the operation in 1888.
Waziristan 1894: The spectacular pre-dawn attack on the British/Indian Army camp at Wana in Waziristan on 3rd November 1894 by 2,000 Mahsud tribesmen, led by the radical Muslim preacher, the Mullah Powindah and the short campaign that followed.
Siege and Relief of Chitral: The siege and relief of the fort at Chitral in the remote mountainous region beyond the North-West Frontier of India, held by Sikh and Kashmiri soldiers and their British officers from 3rd March to 20th April 1895; that caused such a stir in late Victorian Britain.
Malakand 1897: The tribal attack on the Malakand frontier station on the North-West Frontier of India between 26th July and 22nd August 1897; marking the beginning of the uprisings along the frontier and described by Winston Churchill in his book ‘The Malakand Field Force’.